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Project 949 "Granit"/ 949A "Antei" Oscar SSGN 


Original text by Ruslan Gorbunovr II SSGN)

Displacement: 12500 tons surfaced; 16500 tons submerged;
Dimensions: overall length 144 m; beam 18.2 m; draught 9.2 m;
Armament: twenty four P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) cruise missiles; two 650mm torpedo tubes (2+2 torpedoes); four 533mm torpedo tubes (4+6 torpedoes)
Propulsion: 2 shaft; 2 pressurized water reactor, 100000 shp; 30 kts
Maximum depth: 520 m
Description:

Due to increasing capabilities of AAW new submarine project with more missiles in salvo and increased rate of fire was designed. It was calculated that 20-24 missile in salvo should be enough to saturate AA defence of typical american CVBG in that time. To intercept such target the submarine should have high speed which leads to high power nuclear reactors.

The result, third generation SSGN, project 949 (Oscar I), has 24 missile containers located between hulls with new P-700 "Granit" (SS-N-19) cruise missiles.

Two submarines of project 949 were built. All others are modernized project 949A (Oscar II) with additional compartment for new equipment and modified shape of rudder fin.

Due to high displacement all submarines was built in Severodvinsk and entered service in Northern Fleet. Some of them were then transferred to Pacific Fleet. They are used on patrol in Atlantic and Pacific oceans and Mediterrian. K-141 "Kursk" sunk 12.08.2000 in Barents sea due to torpedo magazine explosion.

Units:

Name Comm Fleet/Home Port DECOM Comments
K-525 1980 NF/Severomorsk 1996

project 949
1991 in reserve
1993 renamed "Arkhangelsk"

K-206 1983 NF/Severomorsk 1996

project 949
1994 in reserve
1987 renamed "Minskyi Komsomoletz"
1993 renamed "Murmansk"

K-148 1986 NF/Severomorsk 1999?

project 949A
1996 in reserve
1992 renamed "Krasnodar"

K-173 1986 1986 NF/Severomorsk
1991 PF/Vladivostok
 

project 949A
1995 in reserve
1993 renamed "Krasnoyarsk"

K-132 1988 1988 NF/Severomorsk
1990 PF/Vladivostok
 

project 949A
1997 in reserve
1993 renamed "Irkutsk"

K-119 1989 1989 NF/Severomorsk  

project 949A
1993 renamed "Voronezsh"

K-410 1990 1990 NF/Severomorsk  

project 949A
1993 renamed "Smolensk"

K-442 1990 1990 NF/Severomorsk
1991 PF/Vladivostok
 

project 949A
1999-2002 in repair
1993 renamed "Smolensk"

K-456 1992 1992 NF/Severomorsk
1993 PF/Vladivostok
 

project 949A
1997-2001 in repair
1992 renamed "Kasatka"
1996 renamed "Vilyuchinsk"

K-266 1992 1992 NF/Severomorsk  

project 949A
1991 renamed "Severodvinsk"
1993 renamed "Oryol"

K-186 1992 1992 NF/Severomorsk
1994 PF/Vladivostok
 

project 949A
1993 renamed "Omsk"

K-141 1992 1992 NF/Severomorsk

Sunk

2000

project 949A
1993 renamed "Kursk"
12.08.2000 sunk in Barents sea

K-526 1996 1996 NF/Severomorsk
1998 PF/Vladivostok
 

project 949A
1993 renamed "Tomsk"

Entry created by: François Guérin
Contributors: François Guérin

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