Notes: This SSG conversion project was handled by the TsKB-112 Bureau, headed by B.A. Lyeontyev (who also designed the “Whiskey One Cylinder” and “Whiskey Twin Cylinder” conversions). The conversion involved adding a 30’ “plug” amidships; despite the added mass this allowed the battery layout and electrical distribution system to be more refined and the “Long Bins” actually had much better underwater range than a typical “Whiskey”. Compared to the “Whiskey Twin Cylinder” class, this type’s arrangement was far superior as it eliminated a number of pressure hull valves, reduced the amount of hydraulic fluid that had to be carried, and repositioned the sub’s centre-of-gravity better. To compensate for the added weight; the torpedo armament was greatly reduced. The sensor fit was also better than a typical “Whiskey”. According to the United States Naval Institute, up to 72 conversions were planned before the programme was terminated early.
The four missiles were carried in pressuretight 14deg tubes, with circular muzzle hatches that swung inboards towards the submarine’s centreline. The submarine had to be on the surface to fire the missiles. These vessels lacked the “Front Door/Front Piece” radar suite so mid-course correction was not possible. Given the meager onboard sensors; assistance from MPAs would have been almost necessary to locate targets.
The commissioning date for S-61 is accurate; the sub sank during her shakedown cruise and had to be raised and repaired. S-142 was used in an experimental scheme late in her career to study the possibility of building a permanent submarine base on the Arctic sheet ice.
Displacement: 1490t surfaced, 1660t submerged Dimensions: 278’8”x21’10”x19’1” Machinery: Diesel-electric: 2 Kolomna 37D diesels, (w/3 Type SU-46 112-cell lead-acid batteries) 2 Type PG-101 electric motors (w/2 PG-103 50hp “creep“ motors), 2 shafts w/non-CP props Max speed: 15 ¼ kts surfaced, 10 ¾ kts submerged on batteries, 8kts snorkeling Range: 8500NM @ 6kts surfaced on diesels, 400NM @ 2kts submerged on batteries / 10NM @ max submerged speed on batteries Endurance: 45 days Diving depth: 640’ test, 758’ crush Complement: 58
x4 P-5 Patoka (SS-N-3A “Shaddock”) 256NM surface/shore attack (not capable of mid-course correction) (conventional or nuclear warhead-capable)
x4 21” tubes for variety of torpedo types; 1 reload per tube (some descriptions say reload torpedoes were not carried due to topweight/centre-of-gravity concerns).
Flag (“Snoop Plate”) (I) 24NM surface/low-alt air search (range, bearing)
Nakat (“Stop Light”) ESM
6701E Iva (“Quad Loop”) RDF
MG-100 Plutonyi (“Trout Cheek-B”) 3NM active
MG-13 Svyet-M AIR
MG-15 Tulema UWC
GON-23 magnetic compass