MORE THAN TEN WARGAME OF THE YEAR AWARDS
Command has been acclaimed as the best Wargame of the Year by over 10 publications, including SimHQ, Armchair General, Kriegsimulation, Real and Simulated Wars, Grogheads and even the US Naval Institute said: "Command will find a following not only among civilian gamers but might have value among military, government, and policy circles as a simulator of modern warfare".

GET IT NOW

 DATABASES  ENCYCLOPEDIA  SEARCH
Login: Password:  
 
 

AS-4 Kitchen (Raduga KH-22) 


Built by A. Berezhnyak's "Raduga" engineering group for Tu-22 and Tu-22M aircraft, the Kh-22 can also be deployed on modified Tu-95K-22 aircraft. During experimental tests conducted from the late nineteen fifties to the early nineteen sixties the Kh-22B version had reached a speed of Mach 6 and an altitude of about 70 km. Since 1974, after the death of Alexander Berezhnyak, the Raduga chief engineer became Igor Seleznyev. The Kh-22 missile comes in three variants: 1. Kh-22N with a nuclear warhead and inertial guidance; 2. Kh-22M with a conventional load for use against ships and with an active-radar operating during the final flight stage; 3. Kh-22MP for breaking through enemy air defenses (overcoming enemy radar).

 

Specifications

Contractor
Type long-range tactical standoff missile
Wingspan 3.0 m
Length 11.3-11.65 m
Diameter 0.92 m
Launch weight 5780-6000 kg
Max. speed 4000 km/h
Ceiling 24000 m
Maximum range 460-500 km
Propulsion liquid propellant rocket motor
Guidance active radar or passive infra-red homing
Warhead high-explosive, 1000 kg, or
nuclear, 350 kT yield




(Source: Warplanes CD-ROM 1994)

Kh-22 Burya : Introduced to service in 1964 and still better known in the West by its combined US and NATO reporting designation of  AS-4 'Kitchen' , this is a truly formidable weapon system carried by the Tupolev Tu-22 'Blinder-B' and Tu-22M 'Backfire' supersonic bombers as well as the Tupolev Tu-95 'Bear-G' subsonic bomber: the Tu-22 can carry one missile semi-submerged under the fuselage, the Tu-22M can carry one missile semi-submerged under the fuselage or two missiles under the fixed inboard wing sections, and the Tu-95 can carry two missiles under the wing roots.
 
The Kh-22 was the USSR's first genuine multi-role missile, being available with inertial guidance but no terminal homing as a strategic area-attack weapon with a thermonuclear warhead, or with a choice between active radar, passive radar and passive IR terminal homing as an anti-ship weapon with either a conventional or thermonuclear warhead.
 
The missile's flight profile is based on a launch at between 36,090 and 39,370 ft (11000 and 12000 m), and when the weapon is being operated in the anti-ship role this is followed by a high-altitude cruise followed by a devastating dive in which the combination of high supersonic speed and small frontal area would make the missile an exceptionally difficult target for defenses to counter effectively. The type is tasked generally with operations against major naval assets such as US surface battle groups, which are operationally and strategically important targets with the high electromagnetic and thermal signatures best suited to the AS-4's terminal guidance system.
 
It is possible that the weapon was produced in three variants as the  AS-4 'Kitchen-A'  for the land-attack role with a thermonuclear warhead, the  AS-4 'Kitchen-B'  for the anti-ship role with the choice between a thermonuclear or conventional warhead, and the  AS-4 'Kitchen-C'  for the defense-suppression role with a conventional warhead. This last task would seem too limited for a weapon of the Kh-22's size and cost, however, so it is more likely that the 'Kitchen-C' is an anti-ship weapon using passive radar-homing terminal guidance and therefore capable of carrying either a thermonuclear or a conventional warhead.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kh-22 under a Tu-22M3
Kh-22 under a Tu-22M3

The Raduga Kh-22 (NATO reporting name AS-4 'Kitchen') is a large, long-range anti-ship missile developed by the Soviet Union. It was intended for use against US Navy aircraft carriers and carrier battle groups, typically with a nuclear warhead.

Development

The Kh-22 was developed from the late 1950s out of the official Soviet view that missiles were the wave of the future, and that manned bombers were obsolete. Faced with the threat that their bomber forces would be dismantled, Soviet VVS and AV-MF commanders set about to convert their heavy bombers as raketonosets, missile carriers. The Kh-22 (Complex 22) weapon was developed by the Raduga design bureau and used to arm the Tupolev Tu-22. The first service-ready missiles were ready in 1962.

Kh-22 under a Tu-22M2
Kh-22 under a Tu-22M2

The Kh-22 used an Isayev liquid-fuel rocket engine, fueled with hydrazine and IRFNA (inhibited red fuming nitric acid), giving it a maximum speed of nearly Mach 2 and a range of up to 400 km (250 miles). It could be used in either high-altitude or low-altitude modes. In high-altitude mode it climbed to an altitude of 27,000 m (88,580 ft) and made a high-speed dive into the target, with a terminal speed of about Mach 4. In low-altitude mode, it climbed to 12,000 m (39,370 ft) and made a shallow dive at about Mach 1.2, making the final approach at an altitude over under 500 m (1,640 ft). Guidance was by gyro-stabilized autopilot, with a radio altimeter. Two initial versions were built, the Kh-22A with a large conventional warhead and the Kh-22N, with a 350-kiloton nuclear warhead. In the mid-1960s this was supplemented by the Kh-22P, an anti-radiation missile for the destruction of radar installations. In the 1970s the Kh-22 was upgraded to Kh-22M and Kh-22MA standard, with new attack profiles, somewhat longer range, and a datalink allowing mid-course updates. Even so, it was largely obsolete, although it lingered in Soviet service for many years. It was carried by the Tu-22K, Tu-22M, and Tu-95K-22.

Specifications (Kh-22M)

  • Wingspan: 3.35 m (11 ft)
  • Diameter: 0.9 m (2.95 ft)
  • Launch weight: 5,900 kg (13,000 lb)
  • Speed: Mach 4
  • Range: 440 km (270 mi)
  • Guidance: Inertial and active radar
  • Warhead: 1,000 kg (2,204 lb) high explosive or 350-kT nuclear


Source: Astronautix.com

Air-to-surface missile. Year: 1967. IOC: 1967. Country: Russia.

Kh-22. IOC: 1967. Country: Russia. Department of Defence Designation: AS-4A. ASCC Reporting Name: Kitchen. Manufacturer's Designation: Kh-22. Complex: K-22 (D-2). Missile: Kh-22.
Total Mass: 6 000 kg (13 200 lb). Core Diameter: 0.50 m (1.64 ft). Total Length: 11.00 m (36.00 ft). Span: 2.45 m (8.03 ft). Maximum range: 779 km (484 mi). Boost Propulsion: Storable liquid rocket. Guidance: Autopilot + Anti-Radar Homing. Maximum speed: 4 030 kph (2 500 mph). Ceiling: 12 200 m (40 000 ft).
Model: Kh-22B. Country: Russia. Department of Defence Designation: AS-4C. ASCC Reporting Name: Kitchen. Manufacturer's Designation: Kh-22B. Complex: K-22 (D-2). Missile: Kh-22B.

Kh-22M. Country: Russia. Department of Defence Designation: AS-4B. ASCC Reporting Name: Kitchen. Manufacturer's Designation: Kh-22M. Complex: K-22 (D-2). Missile: Kh-22M.
Manufacturer: Raduga Machine Design Bureau. Location: Dubna, Russian Federation. Total Mass: 5 780 kg (12 740 lb). Core Diameter: 0.92 m (3.00 ft). Total Length: 11.65 m (38.21 ft). Span: 3.00 m (9.80 ft). Maximum range: 500 km (310 mi). Boost Propulsion: Storable liquid rocket. Guidance: Inertial.
Model: Kh-22MA. Country: Russia. Department of Defence Designation: AS-4B. ASCC Reporting Name: Kitchen. Manufacturer's Designation: Kh-22MA. Complex: K-22 (D-2). Missile: Kh-22MA.

Kh-22MP. Anti-radar missile. IOC: 1967. Country: Russia. Department of Defence Designation: AS-4C. ASCC Reporting Name: Kitchen. Manufacturer's Designation: Kh-22MP. Complex: K-22 (D-2). Missile: Kh-22MP. Anti-radar version.
Total Mass: 6 500 kg (14 300 lb). Core Diameter: 0.50 m (1.64 ft). Total Length: 11.00 m (36.00 ft). Span: 2.45 m (8.03 ft). Standard warhead mass: 1 000 kg (2 200 lb). Maximum range: 1 195 km (742 mi). Number Standard Warheads: 1. Standard warhead yield: 350 KT. Boost Propulsion: Storable liquid rocket. Guidance: Anti-Radar Homing. Maximum speed: 4 030 kph (2 500 mph). Ceiling: 12 200 m (40 000 ft). Total Number Built: 1000.

Kh-22N. Anti-ship missile. Country: Russia. Department of Defence Designation: AS-4B. ASCC Reporting Name: Kitchen. Manufacturer's Designation: Kh-22N. Alternate Designation: Burya. Complex: K-22 (D-2). Missile: Kh-22N. Anti-Ship version.

Kh-22NA. Country: Russia. Department of Defence Designation: AS-4B. ASCC Reporting Name: Kitchen. Manufacturer's Designation: Kh-22NA. Complex: K-22 (D-2). Missile: Kh-22NA.

Kh-22P. Country: Russia. Department of Defence Designation: AS-4C. ASCC Reporting Name: Kitchen. Manufacturer's Designation: Kh-22P. Complex: K-22 (D-2). Missile: Kh-22P.

Kh-22PG. Country: Russia. Department of Defence Designation: AS-4C. ASCC Reporting Name: Kitchen. Manufacturer's Designation: Kh-22PG. Complex: K-22 (D-2). Missile: Kh-22PG.

Kh-22PSI. Country: Russia. Department of Defence Designation: AS-4A. ASCC Reporting Name: Kitchen. Manufacturer's Designation: Kh-22PSI. Complex: K-22 (D-2). Missile: Kh-22PSI. Nuclear version.

Kh-22PSN. Country: Russia. Department of Defence Designation: AS-4C. ASCC Reporting Name: Kitchen. Manufacturer's Designation: Kh-22PSN. Complex: K-22 (D-2). Missile: Kh-22PSN.
Entry created by: François Guérin
Contributors: Dimitris V.Dranidis, François Guérin, Jason W. Henson

Related database records

AN/AAS-46 TFLIR PodDB2000(1980-2015)
AS-4Colonial Wars (1950-64) v2.1
AS-4Colonial Wars (1950-64) v2.1
AS-4 (Kh-22) KitchenHutchDB 0.9 (1980-2015 Alternate)
AS-4 (Kh-22P) Kitchen ARMHutchDB 0.9 (1980-2015 Alternate)
AS-4 Kitchen (Anti-Ship)1965-1979 Database 1.08
AS-4 Kitchen (Anti-Ship)DB2000(1980-2015)
AS-4 Kitchen (Anti-Ship/N/A)1965-1979 Database 1.08
AS-4 Kitchen (Anti-Ship/N/A/0-190nm)DB2000(1980-2015)
AS-4 Kitchen (Anti-Ship/N/A/Std)DB2000(1980-2015)
AS-4 Land-AttackColonial Wars (1950-64) v2.1
AS-4 Land-Attack Kitchen (Land Attack)1965-1979 Database 1.08
AS-4 Land-Attack Kitchen (Land Attack)DB2000(1980-2015)
AS-4 NuclearColonial Wars (1950-64) v2.1
AS-4 Nuclear Kitchen (Anti-Ship/N)1965-1979 Database 1.08
AS-4 Nuclear Kitchen (Anti-Ship/Nuclear)DB2000(1980-2015)
AS-4 Nuclear Land-AttackColonial Wars (1950-64) v2.1
AS-4 Nuclear Land-Attack Kitchen (Land Attack/N)1965-1979 Database 1.08
AS-4 Nuclear Land-Attack Kitchen (Land Attack/Nuclear)DB2000(1980-2015)

The HarpoonHQ database & encyclopedia web application
Powered by Strip-Joint 2.1 technology
(c)2003-2007 Dimitris "Sunburn" Dranidis
Contact Us